医疗的很多都有投百度竞价,而竞争激烈的同时很多就开始想开始恶意点击,现在有开百度竞价的一些竞价员很多都是有购买vpn进行点击对手的关键词,把对方的预算点完就可以让自己上头条。

今天说的防恶意点击就是使用新技术,浏览器指纹,用英文就是
Canvas Fingerprinting,它的原理就是每一种浏览器都会使用不同的图像处理引擎,不同的导出选项,不同的压缩等级,所以每一台电脑绘制出的图形都会有些许不同,这些图案可以被用来给用户设备分配特定编号(指纹),也就是说可以用来识别不同用户。(就算用户清除cookie还是没有用的,标识码还是一样的!)

下面直接上源码,可以看下html部分是这样的

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>fingerprintjs</title>
  <style type="text/css">
    body{
      font-family: 'Sans'
    }
  </style>
  <script src="fingerprint.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
  <div style="text-align: center;">
    <h3 style="margin-top: 60px">Your browser fingerprint with default settings (canvas, screen resolutin, activeX disabled)</h3>
    <h1 id="fp1"></h1>
  </div>
  <div style="text-align: center;">
    <h3 style="margin-top: 20px">Your browser fingerprint with canvas enabled is:</h3>
    <h1 id="fp2"></h1>
  </div>
  <div style="text-align: center;">
      <h3 style="margin-top: 20px">Your browser fingerprint with ie_activex enabled is:</h3>
      <h1 id="fp3"></h1>
  </div>
  <div style="text-align: center;">
    <h3 style="margin-top: 20px">Your browser fingerprint with screen_resolution enabled is:</h3>
    <h1 id="fp4"></h1>
  </div>
  <script>
    var fp1 = new Fingerprint();
    var fp2 = new Fingerprint({canvas: true});
    var fp3 = new Fingerprint({ie_activex: true});
    var fp4 = new Fingerprint({screen_resolution: true});
    document.getElementById('fp1').innerHTML = fp1.get();
    document.getElementById('fp2').innerHTML = fp2.get();
    document.getElementById('fp3').innerHTML = fp3.get();
    document.getElementById('fp4').innerHTML = fp4.get();
  </script>
</body>
</html>

 

然后下面是js部分

/*
* fingerprintJS 0.5.4 - Fast browser fingerprint library
* https://github.com/Valve/fingerprintjs
* Copyright (c) 2013 Valentin Vasilyev (valentin.vasilyev@outlook.com)
* Licensed under the MIT (http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php) license.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
* AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL <COPYRIGHT HOLDER> BE LIABLE FOR ANY
* DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
* (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
* LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
* ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
* (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
* THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/

;(function (name, context, definition) {
  if (typeof module !== 'undefined' && module.exports) { module.exports = definition(); }
  else if (typeof define === 'function' && define.amd) { define(definition); }
  else { context[name] = definition(); }
})('Fingerprint', this, function () {
  'use strict';

  var Fingerprint = function (options) {
    var nativeForEach, nativeMap;
    nativeForEach = Array.prototype.forEach;
    nativeMap = Array.prototype.map;

    this.each = function (obj, iterator, context) {
      if (obj === null) {
        return;
      }
      if (nativeForEach && obj.forEach === nativeForEach) {
        obj.forEach(iterator, context);
      } else if (obj.length === +obj.length) {
        for (var i = 0, l = obj.length; i < l; i++) {
          if (iterator.call(context, obj&#91;i&#93;, i, obj) === {}) return;
        }
      } else {
        for (var key in obj) {
          if (obj.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
            if (iterator.call(context, obj&#91;key&#93;, key, obj) === {}) return;
          }
        }
      }
    };

    this.map = function(obj, iterator, context) {
      var results = &#91;&#93;;
      // Not using strict equality so that this acts as a
      // shortcut to checking for `null` and `undefined`.
      if (obj == null) return results;
      if (nativeMap && obj.map === nativeMap) return obj.map(iterator, context);
      this.each(obj, function(value, index, list) {
        results&#91;results.length&#93; = iterator.call(context, value, index, list);
      });
      return results;
    };

    if (typeof options == 'object'){
      this.hasher = options.hasher;
      this.screen_resolution = options.screen_resolution;
      this.canvas = options.canvas;
      this.ie_activex = options.ie_activex;
    } else if(typeof options == 'function'){
      this.hasher = options;
    }
  };

  Fingerprint.prototype = {
    get: function(){
      var keys = &#91;&#93;;
      keys.push(navigator.userAgent);
      keys.push(navigator.language);
      keys.push(screen.colorDepth);
      if (this.screen_resolution) {
        var resolution = this.getScreenResolution();
        if (typeof resolution !== 'undefined'){ // headless browsers, such as phantomjs
          keys.push(this.getScreenResolution().join('x'));
        }
      }
      keys.push(new Date().getTimezoneOffset());
      keys.push(this.hasSessionStorage());
      keys.push(this.hasLocalStorage());
      keys.push(!!window.indexedDB);
      //body might not be defined at this point or removed programmatically
      if(document.body){
        keys.push(typeof(document.body.addBehavior));
      } else {
        keys.push(typeof undefined);
      }
      keys.push(typeof(window.openDatabase));
      keys.push(navigator.cpuClass);
      keys.push(navigator.platform);
      keys.push(navigator.doNotTrack);
      keys.push(this.getPluginsString());
      if(this.canvas && this.isCanvasSupported()){
        keys.push(this.getCanvasFingerprint());
      }
      if(this.hasher){
        return this.hasher(keys.join('###'), 31);
      } else {
        return this.murmurhash3_32_gc(keys.join('###'), 31);
      }
    },

    /**
     * JS Implementation of MurmurHash3 (r136) (as of May 20, 2011)
     * 
     * @author <a href="mailto:gary.court@gmail.com">Gary Court</a>
     * @see http://github.com/garycourt/murmurhash-js
     * @author <a href="mailto:aappleby@gmail.com">Austin Appleby</a>
     * @see http://sites.google.com/site/murmurhash/
     * 
     * @param {string} key ASCII only
     * @param {number} seed Positive integer only
     * @return {number} 32-bit positive integer hash 
     */

    murmurhash3_32_gc: function(key, seed) {
      var remainder, bytes, h1, h1b, c1, c2, k1, i;

      remainder = key.length & 3; // key.length % 4
      bytes = key.length - remainder;
      h1 = seed;
      c1 = 0xcc9e2d51;
      c2 = 0x1b873593;
      i = 0;

      while (i < bytes) {
          k1 = 
            ((key.charCodeAt(i) & 0xff)) |
            ((key.charCodeAt(++i) & 0xff) << 8) |
            ((key.charCodeAt(++i) & 0xff) << 16) |
            ((key.charCodeAt(++i) & 0xff) << 24);
        ++i;

        k1 = ((((k1 & 0xffff) * c1) + ((((k1 >>> 16) * c1) & 0xffff) << 16))) & 0xffffffff;
        k1 = (k1 << 15) | (k1 >>> 17);
        k1 = ((((k1 & 0xffff) * c2) + ((((k1 >>> 16) * c2) & 0xffff) << 16))) & 0xffffffff;

        h1 ^= k1;
            h1 = (h1 << 13) | (h1 >>> 19);
        h1b = ((((h1 & 0xffff) * 5) + ((((h1 >>> 16) * 5) & 0xffff) << 16))) & 0xffffffff;
        h1 = (((h1b & 0xffff) + 0x6b64) + ((((h1b >>> 16) + 0xe654) & 0xffff) << 16));
      }

      k1 = 0;

      switch (remainder) {
        case 3: k1 ^= (key.charCodeAt(i + 2) & 0xff) << 16;
        case 2: k1 ^= (key.charCodeAt(i + 1) & 0xff) << 8;
        case 1: k1 ^= (key.charCodeAt(i) & 0xff);

        k1 = (((k1 & 0xffff) * c1) + ((((k1 >>> 16) * c1) & 0xffff) << 16)) & 0xffffffff;
        k1 = (k1 << 15) | (k1 >>> 17);
        k1 = (((k1 & 0xffff) * c2) + ((((k1 >>> 16) * c2) & 0xffff) << 16)) & 0xffffffff;
        h1 ^= k1;
      }

      h1 ^= key.length;

      h1 ^= h1 >>> 16;
      h1 = (((h1 & 0xffff) * 0x85ebca6b) + ((((h1 >>> 16) * 0x85ebca6b) & 0xffff) << 16)) & 0xffffffff;
      h1 ^= h1 >>> 13;
      h1 = ((((h1 & 0xffff) * 0xc2b2ae35) + ((((h1 >>> 16) * 0xc2b2ae35) & 0xffff) << 16))) & 0xffffffff;
      h1 ^= h1 >>> 16;

      return h1 >>> 0;
    },

    // https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=781447
    hasLocalStorage: function () {
      try{
        return !!window.localStorage;
      } catch(e) {
        return true; // SecurityError when referencing it means it exists
      }
    },

    hasSessionStorage: function () {
      try{
        return !!window.sessionStorage;
      } catch(e) {
        return true; // SecurityError when referencing it means it exists
      }
    },

    isCanvasSupported: function () {
      var elem = document.createElement('canvas');
      return !!(elem.getContext && elem.getContext('2d'));
    },

    isIE: function () {
      if(navigator.appName === 'Microsoft Internet Explorer') {
        return true;
      } else if(navigator.appName === 'Netscape' && /Trident/.test(navigator.userAgent)){// IE 11
        return true;
      }
      return false;
    },

    getPluginsString: function () {
      if(this.isIE() && this.ie_activex){
        return this.getIEPluginsString();
      } else {
        return this.getRegularPluginsString();
      }
    },

    getRegularPluginsString: function () {
      return this.map(navigator.plugins, function (p) {
        var mimeTypes = this.map(p, function(mt){
          return [mt.type, mt.suffixes].join('~');
        }).join(',');
        return [p.name, p.description, mimeTypes].join('::');
      }, this).join(';');
    },

    getIEPluginsString: function () {
      if(window.ActiveXObject){
        var names = ['ShockwaveFlash.ShockwaveFlash',//flash plugin
          'AcroPDF.PDF', // Adobe PDF reader 7+
          'PDF.PdfCtrl', // Adobe PDF reader 6 and earlier, brrr
          'QuickTime.QuickTime', // QuickTime
          // 5 versions of real players
          'rmocx.RealPlayer G2 Control',
          'rmocx.RealPlayer G2 Control.1',
          'RealPlayer.RealPlayer(tm) ActiveX Control (32-bit)',
          'RealVideo.RealVideo(tm) ActiveX Control (32-bit)',
          'RealPlayer',
          'SWCtl.SWCtl', // ShockWave player
          'WMPlayer.OCX', // Windows media player
          'AgControl.AgControl', // Silverlight
          'Skype.Detection'];

        // starting to detect plugins in IE
        return this.map(names, function(name){
          try{
            new ActiveXObject(name);
            return name;
          } catch(e){
            return null;
          }
        }).join(';');
      } else {
        return ""; // behavior prior version 0.5.0, not breaking backwards compat.
      }
    },

    getScreenResolution: function () {
      return [screen.height, screen.width];
    },

    getCanvasFingerprint: function () {
      var canvas = document.createElement('canvas');
      var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
      // https://www.browserleaks.com/canvas#how-does-it-work
      var txt = 'http://valve.github.io';
      ctx.textBaseline = "top";
      ctx.font = "14px 'Arial'";
      ctx.textBaseline = "alphabetic";
      ctx.fillStyle = "#f60";
      ctx.fillRect(125,1,62,20);
      ctx.fillStyle = "#069";
      ctx.fillText(txt, 2, 15);
      ctx.fillStyle = "rgba(102, 204, 0, 0.7)";
      ctx.fillText(txt, 4, 17);
      return canvas.toDataURL();
    }
  };

  return Fingerprint;

});

相关文章:

  • 暂无相关文章